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To amend the Communications Act of 1934 in order to provide parents with greater control of their children's access to online material. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE This Act may be cited as the "Online Parental Control Act of 1996." SEC. 2. SUBSTITUTION OF HARMFUL TO MINORS FOR INDECENCY STANDARD (a) DIRECT COMMUNICATIONS. ---Section 223(a)(1)(B) is amended by striking "indecent" and inserting "harmful to minors". (b) INDIRECT COMMUNICATIONS. --- Section 223(d)(1) of such Act is amended to read as follows: "(1) in interstate of foreign communications knowingly--- "(A) uses an interactive computer service to send to a specific person or persons under 18 years of age, or "(B) uses any interactive computer service to display in a manner available to a person under 18 years of age, any comment, request, suggestion, proposal, image, or other communication that is harmful to minors, regardless of whether the user of such service placed the call or initiated the communication; or" (c) DEFINITION OF HARMFUL TO MINORS---- Section 223(h) of such Act is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph: "(6) HARMFUL TO MINORS.---- The term 'harmful to minors' mean sexually explicit matter which meets all of the following criteria: "(A) Considered as a whole, the matter appeals to the prurient interest of minors. "(B) The matter is patently offensive as determined by contemporary local community standards in terms of what is suitable for minors. "(C) Considered as a whole, the matter lacks serious literary, artistic, political, educational, or scientific value for minors." SEC. 3. PROTECTION FOR PRIVATE BLOCKING AND SCREENING OF MATERIAL. (a) PROTECTION FROM FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS INDECENCY LAW. - Section 223(e)(5) of the Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 223(e)(5)) is amended (1) by striking "or" at the end of subparagraph (A); (2) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (B) and inserting a semicolon; (3) by adding at the end thereof the following new subparagraphs: "(C) has, in good faith - "(i) labeled such communications as inappropriate for minors, "(ii) placed such communications in a segregated access site identified as inappropriate for minors, or " "(iii) otherwise established a mechanism, and that labeling, segregation, or other mechanism enables such communications to be automatically blocked or screened by software or other capabilities reasonably available to responsible adults wishing to effect such blocking or screening, and has not otherwise solicited minors not subject to such screening or blocking capabilities to access the communications or to circumvent any such screening or blocking, or "(D) has in good faith, installed or provided some other device, system, or method that serves the function of allowing adults to prevent access to such communications by minors and that is as reasonable, effective, and appropriate as a method described in subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) in preventing such access." (b) PROTECTION FROM STATE LAW. - Section 230(c) of the Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 230 (c)) is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new paragraph: "(3) PROTECTION FOR MAKING AVAILABLE PARENTAL CONTROL TECHNOLOGY. - No provider or user of an interactive computer service, information content provider, or access software provider shall be held civilly or criminally liable for making available to a minor a communication that is indecent or harmful to minors if such provider or user has taken an action that qualifies as a defense under subparagraph (A), (B), (C), or (D) of section 223(d).".